The Language of Line: Chinese Writing, German Speech, and the Visual Poetics of John Winkler’s San Francisco Chinatown Etchings, 1916–1921

PDF_Siddons Louise Siddons, Oklahoma State University. John W. Winkler (1894–1979) was born in Vienna and immigrated to the United States as a young man. Arriving in San Francisco in 1912, he studied with the painter and printmaker Frank Van Sloun at the San Francisco Institute of Art, and by the 1920s, he was an internationally …






“Art” Smith, Flying at Night, and the 1915 San Francisco World’s Fair

PDF_Boone and Belanger Noelle Belanger, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign M. Elizabeth Boone, University of Alberta When aviation pioneer and stunt pilot Lincoln Beachey was tragically killed in the early days of the 1915 Panama-Pacific International Exposition (PPIE), organizers grappled with whether or not to schedule additional demonstrations of this dangerous new mode of loco-motion …






Nature Defamiliarized: Picturing New Relationships between Humans and Nonhuman Nature in Northern Landscapes from the American Civil War

PDF_Lyons Maura Lyons, Drake University. In 1866, Winslow Homer exhibited Prisoners from the Front (fig. 1) at the National Academy of Design annual exhibition in New York.1 The painting depicts a charged confrontation between Francis Channing Barlow, a Union general, and three captured Confederate soldiers under escort. They stand before a wasteland of tree stumps and …